Cause :

Exposure to UV light (especially UVB) or tanning beds causing proliferation of mutated keratinocytes.


Dry , scaly thick, rough patches on sun exposed skin. Can sometimes present as actinic horn. They occur after years of sun exposure and effect both sexes.

Mainly on the face, ears, forehead (especially bald men) hands and forearms.


Harmless, but we generally treat them as they could potentially become squamous cell carcinoma if left untreated.


Avoid cumulative sun exposure, cover up in the heat of the day, daily broad spectrum SPF, avoid being out between 11-3pm


Not normally needed. This is usually a clinical diagnosis based on history.

Treatment Option:

GP's often prescribe topical cream or use cryotherapy.



Excellent although often more occur.  Daily Sunscreen is a must and sun avoidance.