Rosacea is a condition that most commonly affects fair-skinned people between the ages of 30 to 50. Symptoms vary, are often intermittent and characterised by facial redness and flushing, red bumps and small dilated blood vessels (telangiectasia) most often on the cheeks, nose, chin or forehead. The skin of the face feels sensitive, and can burn or sting.
There are four subtypes of rosacea:
1)Erythematotelangiectatic type rosacea - often exhibits a persistent flushing, or redness, with the possibility of visible blood vessels and often have extremely sensitive skin.
2)Papulopustular type rosacea - persistent redness, bumps and Pus-filled Lesions, that often leads it to being confused as acne vulgaris.
3)Phymatous type rosacea - thickening of the skin because of an excess of tissue and an irregular epidermal texture.
4)Ocular type rosacea - eye problems making eyelids irritated, red, swollen, and uncomfortable.
While the exact cause of rosacea is unknown, several triggers have been identified that may make the symptoms worse in some people. These include exposure to sunlight, cold weather, hot drinks, alcohol, certain foods and stress. Identifying and avoiding the triggers of rosacea can be useful way of controlling the symptoms.
It is important to protect your skin from triggers before an outbreak occurs.
- Avoid excessive sun exposure, and always wear sunscreen with SPF 20 or higher on a daily basis
- Don’t eat hot or spicy foods.
- Stay out of the hot tub or sauna.
- Shield skin from extreme weather, including wind and cold.
- Don’t wash skin with hot or extremely cold water.
- Avoid harsh exfoliants, paraffin masks and steam treatments.
- Use products intended for sensitive skin.
There is no known cure for rosacea, however, the symptoms can be controlled and improve significantly by using proven skincare treatments. This may include a gentle and effective skincare regime,daily sun protection containing products with zinc oxide or titanium dioxide,antibiotics and possibly laser treatments and/or photorejuvenation therapy (red light).
Tips for Treating Rosacea
Use Products for sensitive skin
Rosacea sufferers have skin that is unusually vulnerable to chemical and irritants,so avoid products which may cause irritation like alcohol , astringents and abrasives (microdermabrasion).
Always use a high SPF sunscreen daily. Use a sunscreen with healing ingredients such as antioxidants and skin-repairing ingredients.
Use a product with light exfoliation.
Salicylic Acid or Mandelic Acid exfoliation is a key for getting rid of acne associated with Rosacea. Salicylic Acid and Mandelic Acid are the two least irritating acids to sensitive skin. Salicylic acid not only exfoliates the skin, but also reduces redness and eliminates dry, flakey skin. Also is a must for anyone with rosacea who also has acne or blackheads!
Use an anti-inflammatory acid to reduce redness.
Azelaic acid helps to unblock pores and reduce inflammation (redness and swelling).
Use a product containing Antioxidants (Vitamin C).
Vitamin C (L-ascorbic Acid) has been shown to be particularly beneficial in reducing redness. Start off with a lower concentration to prevent any irritation.
Product picks: Try these products to help you combat rosacea.
Always use a high SPF sunscreen daily